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- This web page: https://www.globalissues.org/challenge/245/war-on-terror.
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It was with disbelief and shock that folks all over the world noticed footage of the terrorist assaults within the US on on September 11, 2001 when the planes-turned-missiles slammed into the World Commerce Middle towers and broken the Pentagon.
This in the end resulted within the US declaring and waging a battle on
terror. Osama Bin Laden was ultimately tracked down and killed some 10 years later. However the best way the battle on terror has been performed has led to many voicing considerations concerning the influence on civil liberties, the price of the extra safety targeted adjustments, the implications of the invasions and wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and extra.
Response to the September 11, 2001 occasions
With disbelief and shock all over the world folks noticed the information footage of the occasions on September 11, 2001 when the planes-turned-missiles slammed into the World Commerce Middle towers and into the Pentagon. What might be the worst terrorist assault on america, was completely inexcusable and roundly condemned.
Some 3000 had been killed. Preliminary fears had been that it was over 6000 A lot of elements for this revised quantity, had been mentioned to incorporate preliminary overestimates; a couple of particular person reporting the identical lacking particular person; heroic rescue operations, and so on. This decrease quantity doesn’t in any approach scale back the influence although.)
The following bombing of Afghanistan to assault Osama Bin Laden’s Al Qaeda terrorist community and the Taliban for harboring them has additionally led to some 3,500 civilian deaths, based on an impartial research launched originally of December 2001.
The ghastly terrorist assaults led to a combination of political, social and financial response all over the world.
Hatred and anti-Islam sentiment, (with out distinguishing the despotic militants from peculiar Muslims) elevated, despite the fact that a lot of the Muslim communities all over the world condemned this act.
Whereas seen efforts had been seen by politicians to attempt to separate terrorists from Muslims generally, it has not been simple. On the one hand, after years of financial and geopolitical historical past, there are some facets of mistrust, whereas then again, extremists within the Muslim and Christian communities are including to the antagonisms. For instance, throughout the peak of the shock and anger to the September 11 assaults, extremist tendencies within the West resulted in beatings and even killings of Muslims. Even non-Muslims that simply occurred to have lengthy beards or indirectly resembled Taliban/Al Qaeda members had been focused. Others noticed this as
proof that Islam is inherently violent or that it’s the main menace to the remainder of the world, and so on. On the Muslim facet, there have additionally been equally excessive reactions, from help of those terrorist acts to even being satisfied that this was some form of Zionist conspiracy in charge Muslims! In each instances these appear to be a minority of individuals with such excessive views however after all the priority is at all times that it’s going to enhance over time.
There was no query that there was going to be some form of retaliation and response from america. One couldn’t have anticipated them critically to chorus from eager to take revenge. But the worry was in what type this revenge can be and the way it could be carried out in addition to what the influence on peculiar Afghans can be, who’ve already suffered by the hands of the Taliban and out of doors forces for years.
As well as, some eight months after the assaults it was revealed within the mainstream press all over the world that the CIA had warned George Bush of the threats weeks earlier than September 11. This precipitated an uproar in lots of locations, together with america Congress, the place members demanded extra info to grasp if all these deaths might have been prevented.
Battle on Terror
The horrible occasions of September 11 noticed the appreciable quieting of what was till then rising home and worldwide criticism of the Bush Administration. The September 11 occasions resulted in a
battle on terror which noticed help for Bush and his reputation soar on the time.
As much as September 11, 2001, the Bush administration was being criticized all over the world for its stances on numerous points domestically and internationally. Even European and different allies had been very essential of positions on quite a few world points.
However even earlier than the Bush Administration, all through the world, many countries and teams of individuals had expressed their frustrations at how U.S. international insurance policies had affected them on all kinds of points, starting from financial/globalization points which have deepened poverty and/or inequality for most individuals all over the world; geopolitics/arms/missile protection; environmental points and so forth. Protests both instantly, or not directly at U.S. insurance policies have occurred all all over the world—particularly on globalization points—as talked about on this web page. (See the part on world protests for extra on that, for instance).
But that can’t be an excuse for the atrocity of September 11 because it killed many harmless folks. On the identical time, folks have accurately identified that when different areas all over the world have confronted comparable terrorist assaults, the outpouring of concern and condemnation has not been as a lot. The Washington Submit (September 12, 2001) even dared to confess this at such a delicate time shortly after the assaults. (Their article is now not on-line.)
Nonetheless, behind the unity of the American folks within the shock of September 11, a heightened sense of safety resulted with considerations reverberating all through the world. Many had been involved concerning the ensuing crackdown of freedoms and civil liberties in numerous nations. Many nervous that numerous nations all over the world would additionally use this
battle on terror as an excuse to pursue extra aggressive choices on their very own residents.
For instance, think about the considerations Amnesty Worldwide raised in October 2001, shortly after the September 11, 2001 assaults:
Within the identify of preventing
worldwide terrorism, governments have rushed to introduce draconian new measures that threaten the human rights of their very own residents, immigrants and refugees…. Governments have a duty to make sure the security of their residents, however measures taken should not undermine basic human rights requirements. It seems that a number of the initiatives at the moment being mentioned or applied could also be used to curb fundamental human rights and to suppress inside opposition. A number of the definitions of
terrorism beneath dialogue are so broad that they could possibly be used to criminalize anybody out of favor with these in energy and criminalize professional peaceable train of the precise to freedom of expression and affiliation. They may additionally put in danger the precise to privateness and threaten the rights of minorities and asylum-seekers.
In Could 2003, Amnesty Worldwide charged,
battle on terror, removed from making the world a safer place, has made it extra harmful by curbing human rights, undermining the rule of worldwide regulation and shielding governments from scrutiny. It has deepened divisions amongst folks of various faiths and origins, sowing the seeds for extra battle. The overwhelming influence of all that is real worry—among the many prosperous in addition to the poor.
Even within the U.S. a number of the ensuing insurance policies on how suspects shall be handled, on how entry to non-public info shall be made out there for safety considerations and so forth, led to debates in any respect ranges on what is taken into account an assault on civil liberties, and what’s affordable for safety. On the international coverage area, there was rising concern that the U.S. would be capable to use the
battle on terror to pursue aggressive insurance policies that had been beforehand criticized by many different folks. This may vary from financial, to political and even navy insurance policies. The Iraq battle was one such instance, the place amongst different issues, the priority of terrorism was used to justify a battle towards Iraq, despite the fact that the terrorism hyperlinks weren’t actual.
Additionally of significance, with its unfastened definition of terror, there’s concern that the
battle on terror , can even have an effect on all these working truthfully for peace and social justice for all, as even they’ll come beneath scrutiny for maybe appropriately criticizing insurance policies of any variety of nations and organizations all over the world, together with these from the West.
battle on terror has in some respects, led to what has been described as a
battle on freedom.
Whereas residents in every single place, particularly People, had been rightly outraged on the assaults, the mainstream media has largely focused on the consequences, the assorted aftermaths and impacts, and reporting what political leaders are doing, saying or not doing, or not saying, and so on. They’ve additionally reported immense element on a number of the facets of the particular bombing in Afghanistan, and so on. As with most different conflicts in current historical past although, whereas monumental in amount, media reporting seems comparatively missing in depth, historic context, and investigative evaluation on the causes that gasoline such outrageous militant extremism and terrorism.
The so-called vary of discourse then, is kind of slender, however inside it, protection is kind of detailed. The reporting of some facets is certainly very transferring and excellent. There may be, nevertheless, applicable criticism of some extremism creeping into some facets of the mainstream media as properly, in sure circumstances. Importantly although, our vary of views can also be affected by the vary of discourse. That is particularly related now, as residents search solutions on how and why such a horrible atrocity could possibly be dedicated. (For extra on the protection of the media, with evaluation and critique of the mainstream media itself, see this web page’s part: Battle on Terror Mainstream Media and Propaganda)
Will violence result in extra violence?
With all of the vivid imagery, we are able to solely now start to think about how different folks and societies all over the world have suffered in different conditions. With usually worse outcomes, albeit not so sudden and stunning, complete cities/areas have been leveled and/or monumental quantity of life has been misplaced in locations like Kosovo, Iraq, Democratic Republic of Congo, East Timor, Hiroshima/Nagasaki, throughout Europe throughout the World Wars, and too many different locations to have the ability to checklist right here.
With the US-led bombing marketing campaign on Afghanistan, there has at all times been increasingly concern about civilians being caught within the center. Certainly, by early December 2001, some 3,500 Afghan civilians had been believed to have been killed by U.S. bombing. Moreover, many support companies criticized the meals drops for not delivering a lot precise support and being a token gesture, moderately than an efficient one.
Maybe one of many greatest fears, voiced earlier than the retaliation began, is that retaliated violence might end in extra retaliated violence and we threat tit-for-tat violence that appears onerous to get out of. In all this, civilians on all sides will at all times be affected. We solely want remind ourselves of that shuddering speech by Osama Bin Laden on his threats of retaliation towards civilians and of varied
hawkish politicians within the West asking for the equal of no mercy. Martin Luther King is value quoting:
But, how does one get out of this vicious circle? In fact it isn’t simple, and even numerous the
peace motion wrestle on this reply, however maybe if extra voice was given within the media to those broader views, then various ideas could possibly be thought-about. True, extra on peace-related options are mentioned in TV boards and debates, however in relation to the precise reporting and one-on-one dialogue and evaluation, the context is restricted to the present actions and choices. The discussions are due to this fact inside these confines, largely.
On the international coverage entrance, even current historical past of the final 50 years or so has been questionable by each Western leaders and Center Jap leaders. For instance, the help by the west of brutal leaders within the center east has contributed to an extremist backlash. Of their combat to get the Soviet Union out of Afghanistan, Osama Bin Laden himself, in addition to different jihadists, had been supported by the US, encouraging the coaching of jihadists and the rise of miltantism to impress opposition to the communists. Because the article within the earlier hyperlink implies, whereas plainly the lesser of two evils was supported, maybe the long run penalties weren’t absolutely explored and it does appear that violence and worry breeds extra violence and worry.
President Bush dropping the battle on terror
Further articles and hyperlinks
On quite a few fronts there are various, many issues occurring which readers have requested me to write down on. It’s tough to maintain up with all of the angles with the view to write down on all of them. In consequence, for now, till I’m able to catch up, included under, beneath this part on the battle on terrorism are articles reposted from different websites and authors from all over the world that supply quite a lot of deeper and wider views and views. They’re broadly categorized into the sections listed under, though many articles can simply match different classes too.
Additionally, within the Extra Data web page is a rising assortment of hyperlinks and sources to different websites that supply deeper views.
I don’t essentially agree with the entire views of all of the hyperlinks and sources offered, and certainly not are they a complete checklist, moderately an instance.
A number of the extra mainstream sources focus way more on the consequences and aftermaths, whereas a number of the different sources additionally supply deeper evaluation on causes in addition to ramifications all over the world. These websites have extra hyperlinks that you would be able to observe to different websites. Extra websites shall be added as time goes on.
13 articles on “Battle on Terror”:
Learn “Battle on Terror FAQs” to study extra.
Learn “Sept 11 Response and in Context” to study extra.
Learn “Battle on Terror Mainstream Media and Propaganda” to study extra.
Learn “New Battle on Terror” to study extra.
Learn “Battle on Terror: Crackdown on Civil Rights; Battle on Freedom” to study extra.
Learn “US Navy Commissions Act 2006—Unchecked Powers?” to study extra.
Learn “9/11 Investigation” to study extra.
Learn “Battle on Terror Geopolitics” to study extra.
Learn “Battle on Terror: Civilization and Ideology” to study extra.
Learn “Terrorism” to study extra.
Initially of June 2013, numerous paperwork detailing surveillance by intelligence companies such because the US’s NSA and UK’s GCHQ began to be revealed, based mostly on info provided by NSA whistle blower, Edward Snowden.
These leaks revealed a large surveillance program that included interception of e mail and different Web communications and telephone name tapping. A few of it seems unlawful, whereas different revelations present the US spying on pleasant nations throughout numerous worldwide summits.
Unsurprisingly, there was numerous furor. Whereas some nations are little question utilizing this to win some diplomatic factors, there was a rise in stress with the US and different areas all over the world.
A lot of the US surveillance applications got here from the aftermath of the 11th of September terrorist assaults on the US in 2001. Considerations a few crackdown on civil rights within the wake of the so-called
battle on terror have been expressed for a very long time, and these revelations appear to be confirming a few of these fears.
Given the widespread assortment of data, apparently from central servers of main Web corporations and from different core servers that type a part of the Web spine, actions of hundreds of thousands (if not billions) of residents have been caught up in a dragnet fashion surveillance downside referred to as PRISM, even when the communication has nothing to do with terrorism.
What impacts would such secretive mass surveillance have on democracy?
Learn “Surveillance State: NSA Spying and extra” to study extra.
The battle on terror part on this web page consists of many articles reposted from elsewhere across the internet. View this web page to see the complete checklist of these articles.
Learn “Full Listing of Articles in Battle On Terror part” to study extra.
Learn “Battle on Terror Hyperlinks and Assets” to study extra.