Greater than two million folks throughout the US will obtain discover that their private and delicate well being info was stolen earlier this yr throughout a cyberattack at Postmeds, the guardian firm of on-line pharmacy startup Truepill.
For a few of these affected, it’s the primary they’re listening to of Postmeds, not to mention that the corporate misplaced their delicate private and well being info in the course of the knowledge breach.
Information of the information breach additionally appeared to catch off-guard healthcare startups that beforehand relied on Postmeds to satisfy their clients’ prescriptions.
Postmeds, or Truepill, is a web-based pharmacy success startup that fills prescriptions for big-name telehealth companies and different pharmacies, and mails medicines to their clients. Postmeds, via Truepill, has fulfilled prescriptions for purchasers of Folx, Hims, and GoodRx, and different fashionable on-line telehealth startups which have emerged in recent times.
Even in case you’ve by no means heard of Postmeds, the corporate could have crammed certainly one of your prescriptions and dealt with your info. Truepill’s web site says it has delivered 20 million prescriptions to 3 million folks since its founding in 2016.
Postmeds not too long ago advised federal regulators in a legally required discover that 2.3 million people had their private info stolen within the breach. The corporate started sending written notices to affected people in early November.
Knowledge breach “presents an enormous danger”
In its knowledge breach discover, Postmeds mentioned hackers stole a trove of delicate knowledge, together with affected person names and demographic info — akin to dates of start — the kind of prescribed medicines and the prescriber’s identify. In some instances that info can infer the explanation for taking the treatment, which might embrace an individual’s extremely delicate medical info, akin to particulars about their psychological, sexual, and reproductive well being.
A few of those that obtained knowledge breach notification letters advised TechCrunch that they had been unfamiliar with Postmeds and why the corporate had their info.
“Me and my associate additionally had overlapping occasions wherein we had been each sufferers with Folx, however I by no means acquired a letter,” a former Folx buyer, whose associate obtained an information breach notification, advised TechCrunch.
Folx Well being is a telehealth firm that caters for the LGBTQIA+ neighborhood, with clinicians who can prescribe medicines that assist gender-affirming care. Folx mentioned it beforehand used Truepill to satisfy buyer prescriptions.
When reached for remark by TechCrunch, Folx chief working officer Dana Clayton advised TechCrunch: “Folx terminated its relationship with Truepill in November of 2022. We’re in contact with Truepill concerning the incident and are working to rapidly assess any potential impression to our members.”
“As soon as I acquired my first bundle and noticed ‘Truepill’ on the field from Folx, I spotted, admittedly late on my half, that my knowledge had been despatched off to a company that I personally hadn’t entered a belief relationship with.” Former Folx buyer
“Like different healthcare firms, we ship prescriptions to a variety of pharmacies based mostly on member alternative, treatment availability, value, and different elements. Folx takes its members’ privateness critically and holds its companions to the strictest safety requirements,” mentioned Clayton. “Truepill’s knowledge breach has been a matter of appreciable disappointment and concern for us, and Folx is dedicated to maintaining our members knowledgeable as we study extra.”
The previous Folx buyer, who works in cybersecurity, advised TechCrunch that the information breach “presents an enormous danger, particularly for a neighborhood that stands to lose a lot extra by having that knowledge compromised.”
Postmeds has not publicly commented past its knowledge breach discover. TechCrunch requested Postmeds chief govt Paul Greenall in an e mail to supply an inventory of firms that Postmeds partnered with whose clients are affected. Greenall didn’t reply.
One other one who obtained an information breach notification letter mentioned they had been prescribed a steady glucose monitor a yr or so in the past by metabolic well being startup Ranges Well being, which depends on Truepill for fulfilling its clients’ prescriptions for blood glucose displays.
When contacted by TechCrunch, Ranges wouldn’t say if its clients in the US are affected by the Postmeds breach.
Kate Burton-Barlow, representing Ranges by way of a third-party company, mentioned in an e mail that Ranges “previously established a relationship with Truepill within the U.Okay. in anticipation of a future U.Okay. launch, however that launch has not taken place, so Ranges doesn’t have any U.Okay. clients that this might have affected.”
TechCrunch contacted a number of healthcare firms that relied on Truepill to dispense and mail medicines.
When reached for remark by TechCrunch, Hims spokesperson Khobi Brooklyn didn’t dispute that buyer knowledge was affected by the breach involving Truepill. The spokesperson wouldn’t say what number of Hims clients are affected, however famous that not all of Hims clients had their prescriptions crammed by Truepill.
“Buyer care and knowledge safety are prime priorities at Hims & Hers, we’ve invested closely in each, and we’re happy with our file. Whereas this wasn’t a breach of our methods or knowledge, it’s a reminder to proceed to remain vigilant across the steps we take to safeguard our clients,” Brooklyn mentioned in a press release.
Telehealth startup Cerebral, which gives telehealth companies and prescription medicines for psychological well being situations, advised TechCrunch that it has not had a enterprise relationship or shared affected person info with Truepill since 2022. “Thus far, we’ve not seen any notification of a breach and we’ve no motive to imagine that any Cerebral affected person’s [protected health information] has been impermissibly disclosed or accessed,” Cerebral spokesperson Brittney Henderson mentioned in an e mail. (Cerebral individually disclosed earlier this yr that it had shared hundreds of thousands of sufferers’ knowledge with advertisers for a number of years.)
A number of different pharmacies who labored with Truepill didn’t remark when contacted by TechCrunch previous to publication.
CostPlus, the lower-cost on-line pharmacy based by Mark Cuban, which depends on Truepill for transport medicines to clients, didn’t reply to requests for remark. Cuban invested an undisclosed quantity in Truepill earlier in 2023.
Healthcare and prescription coupon large GoodRx depends on Truepill as its mail supply associate. GoodRx spokesperson Lauren Casparis didn’t reply to requests for remark.
TechCrunch realized that Nutrisense, a tech startup that gives steady glucose displays by prescription, makes use of Truepill to satisfy some orders. Nutrisense chief govt Alex Skryl didn’t reply to an e mail requesting remark.
The HIPAA connection
It’s not unusual for tech or healthcare firms to share affected person knowledge with different firms, akin to third-party or specialty pharmacies, to satisfy their companies.
U.S. healthcare suppliers, like docs places of work and pharmacies, and insurance coverage firms are topic to the well being privateness and safety guidelines set out within the Well being Insurance coverage Portability and Accountability Act, or HIPAA, which partially governs how healthcare suppliers ought to correctly handle affected person knowledge safety and privateness. Falling foul of HIPAA may end up in heavy fines.
However plenty of telehealth startups will not be thought of “coated entities” underneath HIPAA, and HIPAA typically doesn’t apply, as a result of the startups themselves don’t present care, relatively they join sufferers with healthcare suppliers.
As Client Reviews notes, HIPAA “does lay out privateness guidelines for well being care suppliers and insurance coverage firms to observe after they deal with personally identifiable medical knowledge,” however the identical piece of knowledge protected at a physician’s workplace “may be completely unregulated in different settings.”
Each Hims and Cerebral notice of their privateness insurance policies that whereas state privateness legal guidelines could apply, HIPAA “doesn’t essentially apply to an entity or particular person just because there may be well being info concerned.” Firms saying they’re “HIPAA compliant” can imply that HIPAA doesn’t apply to them.
The U.S. doesn’t have a nationwide knowledge safety or privateness legislation, and as an alternative depends on a patchwork of state legal guidelines that adjust state-by-state. Most Individuals dwell in states which have little to no protections in opposition to the sharing of an individual’s info.
As an alternative, firms often spell out how they deal with buyer or affected person knowledge of their privateness coverage, however will not be obligated to reveal which particular firms they work with.
The 2 folks, who obtained knowledge breach notification letters from Postmeds and spoke with us for this story, each criticized the businesses who issued their prescriptions for missing transparency about who their enterprise companions are and which of these companions would obtain their delicate private info.
“As soon as I acquired my first bundle and noticed ‘Truepill’ on the field from Folx, I spotted, admittedly late on my half, that my knowledge had been despatched off to a company that I personally hadn’t entered a belief relationship with,” the previous Folx consumer advised TechCrunch.
A number of threads on Reddit have feedback from individuals who obtained knowledge breach notifications from Postmeds, however will not be certain which firm equipped Postmeds with their info.
“I simply acquired this letter and I do not know which physician this is able to even be via,” mentioned one particular person. “Additionally obtained this letter. No data of the corporate,” mentioned one other.
The breach is the newest incident to befall the embattled Truepill.
Truepill underwent a number of rounds of layoffs in 2022, together with giant swaths of its product staff and all of its U.Okay. staff. In September, Truepill co-founder Sid Viswanathan was pushed out of the corporate.
Earlier this month, Truepill settled with the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration claims that it illegally distributed 1000’s of prescriptions for managed substances, wherein Truepill “accepted accountability for working an unregistered on-line pharmacy.”
Do you’re employed at a healthcare group that’s affected by the Postmeds/Truepill breach? You may contact Zack Whittaker on Sign and WhatsApp at +1 646-755-8849 or by e mail; you can too contact Carly Web page securely on Sign at +441536 853968 or by e mail. You may also contact TechCrunch by way of SecureDrop.