The order, launched on October 30, focuses on the implications of AI on the US and the way it can leverage new initiatives to assist use it for good within the nation.
One of many key goals outlined within the doc is to draw extra worldwide college students and researchers concerned in AI “to check, keep, and work in america by modernising and streamlining visa standards, interviews, and evaluations”.
Secretary of State Antony Blinken might be tasked with launching a course of to “increase the classes of nonimmigrants” who qualify for the home visa renewal program, to incorporate J-1 educational analysis students and F-1 college students in STEM.
The directive has been praised by the Federation of American Scientists, which famous the development in comfort this may convey for worldwide STEM college students.
“One of many vital advantages supplied by this EO directive is the discount in processing occasions and related prices.
“Many among the many a number of lots of of 1000’s of STEM college students will now not be obligated to spend extreme quantities on journey to their house nation for a 10-minute interview at an Embassy,” the Federation famous.
The order additionally directs Blinken to take a look at increasing alternatives for J-1 Alternate guests – 37,000 of which have been analysis students and brief time period students in 2022. This can embrace updating the abilities checklist for the J-1 visa to incorporate abilities which might be “important to the US”.
“The EO directive to revamp the abilities checklist will synchronise with evolving international labor market wants… As soon as the J-1 abilities checklist is up to date to satisfy the realities of the worldwide labor market at present, it’ll permit 1000’s of extra excessive expert J-1 visa holders to use for different visa classes instantly, with out spending two years of their nations of origin,” the Federation commented.
One visa standards level the order seems to be to streamline is that of the H-1B program, which the Division of Homeland Safety had already proposed modernisation on in September.
Secretary Mayorkas has been requested to “proceed” the method “to modernise the H-1B program and improve its integrity and utilization, together with by specialists in AI and different important and rising applied sciences”.
“[DHS] should take into account initiating a rule-making to boost the method for noncitizens, together with specialists in AI and different important and rising applied sciences and their spouses, dependents, and youngsters, to regulate their standing to lawful everlasting resident,” the Order directed.
“This can be a nice alternative for the upper training sector to submit responses concerning new fields”
The Presidents’ Alliance for Immigration and Larger Schooling referred to as the manager order “formidable” when outlining among the proposal.
Inside 45 days of the order, the Secretary of Labour can even have to publish a request to garner public enter on figuring out AI and STEM-related occupations, and every other related positions, to replace the Division’s “Schedule A” checklist – which designates which occupations don’t have sufficient US staff to fill the abilities hole.
“This can be a nice alternative for the upper training sector to submit responses concerning new fields and occupations.
“An up to date Schedule An inventory may additionally enormously enhance employment-based choices open to the worldwide college students,” the Presidents’ Alliance added.